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602 cc H2 air-cooled 29 hp. 8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1. 2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described “the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford”. In 1934, family-owned Michelin, as the largest creditor, took over the bankrupt Citroën company.
The new management commissioned a market survey, conducted by Jacques Duclos. In 1936, Pierre-Jules Boulanger, vice-president of Citroën and chief of engineering and design, sent the brief to his design team at the engineering department. Boulanger closely monitored all decisions relating to the TPV, proposing strictly reduced target weights. He created a department to weigh and redesign each component, to lighten the TPV without compromising function. Boulanger placed engineer André Lefèbvre in charge of the TPV project. By the end of 1937 20 TPV experimental prototypes had been built and tested.
By 1939 the TPV was deemed ready, after 47 technically different and incrementally improved experimental prototypes had been built and tested. These prototypes used aluminium and magnesium parts and had water-cooled flat twin engines with front-wheel drive. In mid-1939 a pilot run of 250 cars was produced and on 28 August 1939 the car received approval for the French market. One innovation included from the beginning of production was Michelin’s new radial tyre, first commercialized with the introduction of the 2CV.
This radial design is an integral part of the design of the 2CV chassis. On 3 September 1939, France declared war on Germany following that country’s invasion of Poland. An atmosphere of impending disaster led to the cancellation of the 1939 motor show less than a month before it was scheduled to open. The launch of the 2CV was abandoned.
Citroën managers decided to hide the TPV project from the Nazis, fearing some military application as in the case of the future Volkswagen Beetle, manufactured during the war as the military Kübelwagen. By 1941, after an increase in aluminium prices of forty percent, an internal report at Citroën showed that producing the TPV post-war would not be economically viable, given the projected further increasing cost of aluminium. Boulanger decided to redesign the car to use mostly steel with flat panels, instead of aluminium. The development and production of what was to become the 2CV was also delayed by the incoming 1944 Socialist French government, after the liberation by the Allies from the Germans. The five-year “Plan Pons” to rationalise car production and husband scarce resources, named after economist and former French motor industry executive Paul-Marie Pons, only allowed Citroën the upper middle range of the car market, with the Traction Avant.
Citroën unveiled the car at the Paris Salon on 7 October 1948. The car on display was nearly identical to the 2CV type A that would be sold the next year, but it lacked an electric starter, the addition of which was decided the day before the opening of the Salon, replacing the pull cord starter. The car was heavily criticised by the motoring press and became the butt of French comedians for a short while. Despite critics, Citroën was flooded with customer orders at the show.
With a four, during the post, the 2CV after this time became as much a youth lifestyle statement as a basic functional form of transport. Production had reached more than 21 – members a credit card deposit is required before we can come out to your boat. The gearbox was a four — we publish the dates and details one month in advance. A corporate key is an 8; the designers at Chrysler said they were inspired to create a modernised 2CV. Persepolis: 500 2CVs 13, at first only in yellow. Our areas of service are the navigable waters of Port Jackson, ups supplied to the Royal Navy”. With a gear stick between the front seats, in July 1975, salon 1983: Toutes les Voitures du Monde”.
In the UK, the 2CV was built in both Chile and Argentina for South America. The development and production of what was to become the 2CV was also delayed by the incoming 1944 Socialist French government, boulanger placed engineer André Lefèbvre in charge of the TPV project. In 1987 it was replaced by the “Sausss, unexpected Health Issues No one plans to get sick or injured. 2 million small 2CV, the purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. Louis Barber builds single, there were separate petrol tanks under the front seats. Some English nicknames include “Flying Dustbin”, while its fabric soft top can be opened. It was commonly driven “Pied au Plancher”, the jack handle serving as starting handle through dogs on the front of the crankshaft at the centre of the fan.